Security Camera Resolutions

Security Camera Resolutions Explained

camera resolution chart

Compare Camera Resolutions and See the Difference!

Page Table of Contents-

Introduction
Image Resolutions
Video Resolutions
Final Thoughts

 

 

Explain Cameras Resolution

Security Camera Resolutions Introduction-

Image resolution, the size or detail captured, is different than video resolution which is more of the layout than the .  They both fit on the same screens.  Yet one is typically stretched or altered to fit a full screen view.  Still images use the term mega pixel to emphasize how good a camera is. security camera monitor This is just one variable of a good camera, but lets keep on track…Mega pixels are the pixel(1) to the millionth degree.  Yes, 1,000,000 pixels, well for the most part.  Physical real world components sometimes fail to meet the paper data twin that exists.  So a camera with 5MP would have near 5 million of em.

So What Does A Pixel Do For Ya?

A  pixel is a segment that is controllable.  It is the smallest single visible element of a digital picture or sometimes a display. Its a word that came from ‘picture’ and ‘element’ put together (pix-el).   It can be made to change intensity and color, and along with millions of adjacent pixels changing and controlled together, they all assemble the picture from a raster image.

For all the footage you may rack up, digital video files have data that well, forms a box.  This box has a vertical dimension, and a horizontal dimension.  When a specification states up to 1920 X 1080 resolution,  it is actually one thousand and eighty pixels across the data box we talked about.    This would fit in the HD category which has two main residence, they are 720P and 1080P.


Image Resolution-

Take a look at this image in different resolutions and notice the aspect ratio also.

256 security camera resolution image
256×256 – 65,000 pixels and not much to talk about concerning picture quality. Notice the aspect ratio is 4:3. If it was a 16:9 image the graininess would be unbearable.

 

640 security camera resolution image
640×480 – Low end of acceptable image resolution. This is common in basic web images or your lowest quality camera settings.

 

1216 security camera resolution image
1216×912 – This is gets us into the millions-of-pixels neighborhood. Very good image quality for everyday life.

 

 security camera resolution image
1600×1200 – Nearly 2 million pixels, this factor is considered a ‘High Resolution’ quality. This is the beginning of ‘professional’ quality imaging.
2240 security camera resolution image

 

2240×1680 – This resolution is the standard on many of today’s digital cameras. It is equates to nearly 4MP’s of image goodness.

4064×2704 – This gets up there with the 10MP to 20MP cameras.

Video Resolution-

Even More Terms with Video!

Earlier and yet some still today, security camera resolution was of a format that is analog. Aspect ratios of 4:3 were mainly used as the prime resolution. It is good quality for video, but of course things can always be better, so it has been slowly replaced by its dominant digital children also known as HD. The term ‘TVL’ stands for ‘Television Lines’ and is used to describe the horizontal pixel count of a particular camera or dvr. On the low end we have 400TVL. In the middle of the range is D1. D1 is basically a 540TVL signal. Then there is 540TVL, and at the top of the scale there is 960H(which is really 700TVL). 960H is the newest analog technology and it outputs a whopping 700TVL, the highest TVL available in the industry. 960 is the number of horizontal pixels as a result of the CCD image sensor. 960H is the best resolution available for analog CCTVs, and gives 30% more image resolution than the D1 standard. The greater the resolution, the higher the definition of your footage, and the better zooming and detail you have for evidence. A 960H DVR must be used to get the most resolution from the whole system.

With previous D1 DVRs, although you may have a 650TVL analog camera, you can only record at D1 resolution which can clearly discern only up to 540TVL. With the new 960H DVR, not only can it capture high-resolution 700TVL cameras, but it can also enhance the recording quality of the existing cameras as its full resolution of up to 700TVL will be realized.

The CCTV resolution scale looks like:
400TVL
D1
650TVL
700TVL
960HTVL
SD (Standard Definition) 640 x 480 4:3 480p

Video resolution jargon will group together a bunch of other terms all trying to describe to width and height that all the captured footage would lay on edge-to-edge. For video they tend to like to think of it as a frame. If you take 1080P and put it with say 1920, so a video frame of 1920 x 1080, would have 1920 pixels up vertically and 1080 pixels across. So with that in mind, notice when you divide 1920 by 1080 you get 1.7777 infinite. OR you get a fraction better known as 16 over 9, yes, 16:9. This is the wide screen format used today. It also has 720P, and recently 960P, included in the wide screen format but it is not considered ‘Full’ HD until 1080.  Picture definition and quality from 720P and 960P are almost indistinguishable from 1080P.

So Video Thinks In Boxes

The newest levels are 4k and soon 8k video resolution.  This is yet another expansion of the pixels per box theory.  It is actual more like 3996 pixels, but its considered 4k.

So video security resolution is really a aspect ratio thing.  It has mega pixel cameras and it also has the DVR/NVR dictating a final format or aspect ratio it can handle.  Anyways please read up on what your buying and determine it is right for your needs.

HD (High Definition 1280 x 720 16:9 720p

Full HD 1920 x 1080 16:9 1080p

Final Thoughts-

Have a Wide Screen Monitor To Fill?

I hope this helped you understand some key ingredients of camera resolution and Security Camera Resolutions.  So really it comes down to cameras and recorder ability.   The security camera will be rated in MP’s for the amount of image pixel resolution it can deliver.  And the other side is the DVR with its ability to relay a Analog 4:3 ratioadvancement in security systems or can it deliver ‘FULL HD’ 1080p?  Please read up on anything your interested in and remember the returns are Hassle-Free so if something isn’t just how you envisioned it, send it back.  Check out the Multiple Channel Security Systems page for side by side, er.. top to bottom in this case, images of the common formats for video resolution. Thanks for visiting Camera Security Reviews.